Welcome to another edition of study corner! Today we’re going to look at a study from the Journal Of Strength And Conditioning Research.
This study is titled… Effects of 4 weeks of traditional resistance training vs. superslow strength training on early phase adaptations in strength, flexibility, and aerobic capacity in college-aged women.
Aren’t you glad I read all these things for you? Just the title makes me want to fall asleep
This study split college-aged women into 3 groups: No lifting, Slow Lifting, and “Regular” Lifting.
The No Lifting group didn’t make any changes during the study. I’m sure they were very nice people, but let’s forget about them and forge onward.
Slow Lifting group trained for 35 minutes twice a week. They used 50% of their one rep maximum (the amount of weight they could lift one time) and lifted 10 seconds up, 10 seconds down until they couldn’t do any more.
“Regular” Lifting group trained 25 minutes three times a week. They used 80% 1RM and did 3 sets of 8 reps, with a 4 second contraction time for each rep. This 4 second contraction is why I put quote marks around “regular.” 4 seconds is still very slow.
Both groups’ workouts consisted of 5 exercises: shoulder press, chest press, leg press, low row, and lat pull down.
At the end of the 4 week study, both groups had gained strength. The super-slow group’s strength gains were so slight so as to be only “statistically significant.” (Translation: so little improvement you wouldn’t notice without having a degree in mathematics).
So only the regular speed training group made real improvements.
Conclusion: Slow speed resistance training is a waste of your time.
J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Nov;25(11):3006-13.
Effects of 4 weeks of traditional resistance training vs. superslow strength training on early phase adaptations in strength, flexibility, and aerobic capacity in college-aged women.
Kim E, Dear A, Ferguson SL, Seo D, Bemben MG.
Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA.
And here’s a link to the abstract if you want to see what it looks like: Slow Lifting vs Regular Lifting